Deep watering a pomegranate that has a 1 inch diameter trunk is really no different than deep watering a pomegranate with a 3 to 4 inch trunk. Water is applied to the same depth with both of these trees.
The difference between them is where the water is applied and the amount. In the case of a pomegranate with a 1 inch diameter trunk, we might use only two drip emitters. Two drip emitters might deliver enough water to the soil under the canopy while it is small.
However, when the pomegranate gets to 3 to 4 inches in diameter, more emitters are needed because the larger tree requires more water. These emitters are spaced far enough apart so that the water is applied over a greater area under the canopy of the tree. The number of minutes on the irrigation clock may not of changed but the number of emitters has so the larger tree now gets more water.