I have worked with pomegranates in several countries now and I will try to explain some basics to help get you started.
|Pomegranates are easier to manage and produce better fruit if they are pruned. Single-trunked pomegranates can also be created. Pick three to five large stems or "trunks" to remain. Remove the others.|
In most cases, pomegranates are easier to manage and produce better fruit if they are pruned so that 1 to 5 major trunks remain. They seldom perform well or easy to manage if you let them grow as a "bush". If you have been to my demonstrations...start at the BOTTOM of the tree and move upward when pruning.
|Multi-trunked trees should have their side growth removed if those side shoots might allow fruit to touch the ground.|
Lowering the height of pomegranate. Pomegranate height can be lowered and kept small if you want it that way. Pomegranate grows like a fountain. Young erect stems produce fruit. The fruit weighs the branch down and causes it to bend toward the ground. The bent branch is stimulated to grow new shoots along its bent side toward the sun. This creates growth that resembles a "fountain". This continues until woody growth of the plant supports itself and produces fruit in a tangled mess of branches and thorny wood. Once the tree reaches the height you want, remove "suckers" growing straight up at their source. It is easiest to do when this growth is young and immature when it can be "pulled" from older wood rather than cutting it out.